The Republic of Turkmenistan.

Capital. Ashgabat

Area. 448100 km2

Population. 4603 people.

Location. Turkmenistan isbordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.

Mostly visited places. Turkmenbashi, Mary, Ashgabat, Dashoguz.

State language. Turkmen

Religion. The dominating religion in Turkmenistan is Islam. 87 % — Muslims, 11 % — Orthodox.

Ethnic composition. 72% — Turkmens, 12% — Russians, 9% — Uzbeks.

Currency. Manat = 100 tenezi

Flora. The flora of Turkmenistan is varied and presented by more than 2000 kinds in mountains. Tugai forests grow up in the valleys of rivers. In grasslands are rising poppies, irises, tulips, bushes of almonds, rosehips. On deserts grow saxaul, kan-dim and others.

Fauna. The Kara Kum desert covers most of the country, and there is little animal life. Herders raise goats, camels, and sheep in the desert. Farmers use reservoirs for irrigation to grow crops not indigenous to the area.

Rivers and Seas. The biggest river is Amudarya and the biggest Sea –Sarykkamysh.